Unemployment trends and labour market entry in Ghana: job search methods perspective

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Affum-Osei, Emmanuel
Asante, Eric Adom
Forkouh, Solomon Kwarteng
Aboagye, Michael Oseii
Antwi, Collins Opoku
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Labor History
Statistical information is critical for both government and the general public for monitoring, evaluation, and implementation of employment policies and programmes. This paper revisits the labour market trends between 2012 and 2016 and discusses the importance of job search methods for labour market entry in Ghana. We explored job search methods (Formal and Informal Methods) used by 235 participants from seven regions of Ghana. Results revealed that many of the participants highly relied on informal job search methods to secure jobs across all demographic variables. This has been the case in Ghana when unem- ployment continues to increase leading to a difficult labour market entry. Our findings, therefore, suggest that in such a restricted labour market, employment success is likely to be determined by ‘whom you know’. The results offer practical recommendations for private and public employ- ment consultancies, as well as policymakers to institute impactful inter- vention programmes for job seekers on the efficient ways of developing and sustaining meaningful social capital/networks to enhance their chances of finding employment.
Affum-Osei, E., Asante, E. A., Forkouh, S. K., Aboagye, M. O., & Antwi, C. O. (2019). Unemployment trends and labour market entry in Ghana: Job search methods perspective. Labor History, 60(6), 716-733.