Misuse of Instructional Time and Its Effect on Students’ Academic Achievement in Four Public Senior High Schools in the Ashanti Mampong Municipality of Ghana

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Owusu-Osei, Benedict
Twum Ampofo, Eric
Ampomah, Robert
Oteng Akyina, Kwadwo
Osei-Owusu, Esther
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Time is an intangible resource and one of the major featur es of human development. Thus, instructional time should be used efficiently to enhance both the teaching and learning pr ocesses. This study sought to ascertain the association between instructional time misuse and students’ academic achievement. The study was a descriptive survey and the views of 326 respondents comprising 322 teachers, 3 headmasters and 1 headmistress from the four Senior High Schools in the Ashanti Mampong municipality of Ghana were sought using a self-developed questionnaire. The study revealed that misuse of instructional time has an adverse effect on the academic performance of students. Also, the findings of the study established that where there are high prevalence rate maternity leave, sick leave, absenteeism and lateness maximum usage of instructional time is hindered. Again, the study found a negative relationship between misuse of instr uctional time and students’ academic achievement hence we failed to reject the hypothesis that guided the study. Based on the r esearch findings, it is recommended that the Government, the Ministry of Education and stakeholders in education should ensure the efficient and effective usage of instr uctional time at the Senior High Schools to be specific. Also, headmasters/ headmistresses should be exposed to appropriate management style and leadership technique to see to the judicious utilization of instructional time.
Osei-Owusu, B., Ampofo, E. T., Ampomah, R., Akyina, K. O., & Osei-Owusu, E. (2018). Misuse of instructional time and its effect on students’ academic achievement in four public senior high schools in the Ashanti Mampong Municipality of Ghana. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, 7(3), 156-165.